Myths Around Psychology
心理學的迷思

Q.

Psychology is mind-reading?
心理學是一門讀心術? 

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Psychological studies is to understand the mechanisms underlying a person’s (or a group of persons’) thoughts or behaviours and the functions and limitations of the human brain, in order to explain, predict, and change human behaviours. Scientific inquiry usually involves direct interviews, observations, questionnaires, or device-based measures. Studying psychology does not make us read other people’s minds.
心理學研究是去了解人類的思想或行為、大腦的功能和限制,以及其背後的機制,以解釋、預測和改變人類的行為。科學探究通常涉及直接訪談、觀察、問卷調查或利用不同儀器收集數據。學習心理學不能使我們看穿別人的思想。

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Q.

Psychology has nothing to do with scientific evidence?
心理學是不談實証憑據的學科?

Although psychology has its scholarly roots in philosophy, empiricism and behavioural science has dominated the field over the last century of so. This has led to a strong emphasis on scientific inquiry as a method to approach psychological study in the modern days. While undergraduate psychology students will learn to describe and evaluate scientific evidence, graduate-level psychology students will take part in generating new evidence and contributing to science. 
儘管心理學在哲學上有其學術根源,但經驗主義和行為科學於上個世紀已成為主導地位。這導致以科學探究作為現代心理學研究的一種方法。心理學本科生將學習描述和評估科學證據,而心理學研究生將參與建立新證據並為科學作出貢獻。

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Q.

Studying psychology means training to be a psychological doctor?
學習心理學就是要做心理醫生?

What people sometimes refer to as “psychological doctors” are actually clinical psychologists. Clinical psychologists are specialists who provide assessment and treatment to individuals suffering from mental health conditions. As opposed to psychiatrists, who are medically trained, clinical psychologists are not medical professionals and do not prescribe medicine. While the undergraduate psychology programme provides a broad and solid foundation, the professional qualification of clinical psychologists requires completion of a tailored postgraduate curriculum.
很多人會將「心理醫生」和臨床心理學家混淆。臨床心理學家是為受心理健康問題困擾的人士提供評估和治療的專家。與經過醫學培訓的精神科醫生不同,臨床心理學家不是醫學專業人員,亦不會處方藥物。心理學本科課程提供了廣泛而堅實的學術基礎,而臨床心理學家需要完成相關的研究院課程才會取得專業資格。

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