Students in Cognitive Science can get in touch with: The study of memory, cognition, language, and human intelligence, and their neural underpinnings.
Cognitive psychologists address this question by studying different kinds of mental functions. Some of these functions are considered basic and include perception, attention and memory. Others are considered to be higher-order functions and to build on lower order ones. They include language, decision making, and problem solving.
Cognition and the Brain
Recent technical developments have enabled psychologists to explore how cognitive functions are represented in the brain. Techniques have been developed that track the activity of brain areas across time and that influence brain activity. This allows insights into how the mind encodes, represents, retrieves and manipulates information and helps psychologists formulate theories that enable us to dynamically predict mental and behavioral outcomes.